Kebaya, Indonesia Cultural Heritage

Indonesia has a cultural heritage that is priceless. With ethnic diversity that exists and each has its own customs, making Indonesia a diverse work culture. One of them, such as kebaya.

Sanur Beach Bali

Sanur Beach is a place of wayfaring famous tourist island of Bali. This place is located just east of Denpasar, the capital of Bali. Sanur located in the Municipality of Denpasar.

Sasando Rote

Once upon a time, there was a boy named Sangguana who lived in Rote Island. One day, he tended to savannah. Felt tired and asleep, he slept under a palmyra tree. That’s when the dream came.

Arts Debus From Banten

Debus is a martial art from Banten. This art was created in the 16th century, in the reign of Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin (1532-1570). Debus, an art which demonstrates the remarkable human ability, immune to sharp weapons, fire resistant.

Hanging Stone and Origin of Parapat City

In one remote village on the outskirts of Lake Toba in North Sumatra, there lived a husband and wife with a beautiful daughter named Chrysanthemum.In addition to beautiful, Chrysanthemum is also very diligent in helping parents work in the fields.

Jumat, 04 Maret 2011

Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam

Aceh which was previously known by the name of the Special Region of Aceh (1959-2001) and Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (2001-2009) is the westernmost province in Indonesia. Aceh has the autonomy to set its own, unlike most other provinces in Indonesia, for historical reasons. This area is bordered by the Bay of Bengal in the north, the Indian Ocean to the west, the Strait of Malacca in the east, and North Sumatra in southeast and south.


Aceh Map

The capital of Aceh is Banda Aceh. Its port is Malahayati-Krueng Raya, Ulee Lheue, Sabang, Lhokseumawe and Langsa. Aceh is the region worst hit by the earthquake and tsunami of 26 December 2004. Some places on the coast disappear altogether. The hardest is Banda Aceh, Aceh Besar, Aceh Jaya, Aceh Barat, Singkil and Simeulue.


Aceh has a wealth of natural resources such as petroleum and natural gas. Natural Resources is located in North Aceh and East Aceh. Aceh is also famous for its forest resources, which is located along the Bukit Barisan range, from Kutacane, Aceh Tenggara, Seulawah, Aceh Besar, until Ulu Masen in Aceh Jaya. A national park, namely Mount Leuser National Park  is also available in the Southeast Aceh.

Baiturrahman Masjid

History
In the days of the Sultan Iskandar Muda Meukuta Perkasa Alam, Aceh is a country very rich and prosperous. According to a French explorer who arrived in Aceh in the heyday of the era, the power reaching the west coast of Aceh, Minangkabau up to Silver. Sultanate of Aceh have established relationships with the kingdoms of the West in the 16th century, including Britain, the Ottomans, and the Netherlands.


Aceh Sultanate involved a prolonged power struggle since the beginning of the 16th century, first by Portugal, and since the 18th century with the United Kingdom (UK) and the Netherlands. At the end of the 18th century, Aceh was forced to hand over territory in Kedah and Pulau Pinang in Malay Peninsula to Great Britain.

Saman Dance

In 1824, the British-Dutch Agreement was signed, in which Britain handed over its territory on Sumatra to the Dutch. Britain Party claim that Aceh was their colony, although this is not true. In 1871, Britain allowed the Dutch to colonize Aceh, possibly to prevent France from gaining power in the region.


Arts and Culture
Aceh is a region that is rich with culture and art rule looks other parts of Indonesia. Aceh has a distinctive variety of cultural arts such as dance, and other cultures such as: 
  • Didong (performing arts from the public Gayo) 
  • Meuseukee Eungkot (a tradition in the area of West Aceh) 
  • Peusijuek (or plain flour in the tradition of Malay) 
Literature 
  • Bustanussalatin 
  • Hikayat Prang Sabi 
  • Hikayat Malem Diwa 
  • Legend Amat Rhah Manyang 
  • Legend Putroe Neng 
  • Legend Magasang and Magaseueng 
Traditional Weapons 
Rencong is the traditional weapon of Aceh, its shape resembles the letter L, and if you look closer its shape was writing bismillah calligraphy. Rencong included in the category of dagger or knife (not a knife or sword). 
Besides rencong, the nation of Aceh also has several other unique weapons, such as siwah, geuliwang and peudeueng. 

Rencong the traditional weapon of Aceh

Traditional House 
Acehnese traditional house called Rumoh Aceh. The traditional house-type house on stilts with 3 main parts and an additional section. Three main parts of Aceh is home Seuramoe keuë (front porch), Seuramoe Teungoh (porch middle) and Seuramoe likôt (back porch). Meanwhile, an additional section that is rumoh dapu (home kitchen).

Aceh House

Dance 
Aceh province has at least 10 ethnic groups, has a wealth of dance very much and also very impressive. Some famous dances at the national level and even the world is a dance that originated from Aceh, such as Dance Rateb Meuseukat and Saman.

Arts Debus From Banten

Debus is a martial art from Banten. This art was created in the 16th century, in the reign of Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin (1532-1570). Debus, an art which demonstrates the remarkable human ability, immune to sharp weapons, fire resistant, hard drinking water, insert objects into a whole coconut, fry an egg on the head and others.


Islamic religion was introduced by Sunan Gunung Jati, one of the founders of the Sultanate of Cirebon in 1520, in conjunction with the conquest expedition peacefulness of Sunda Kelapa. Then, when the power held by the Sultan of Banten Ageng Tirtayasa (1651-1682), Debus focused as a tool to evoke the spirit of the warriors in the fight against Dutch colonial traders joined in Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie (VOC).


It is said that martial arts originated from the area Debus al Madad. The longer the martial arts is growing and growing in all societies as the art of entertainment offerings for the community. The show is still very strong core martial arts or martial arts movement and use of weapons. Debus art offerings, many uses and focus on one player immune to attacks by sharp items, and sort of sharp weapon is called with the whistle.



Debus in Arabic which means sharp weapons made of iron, has a pointed tip and slightly rounded shape. With this tool whistle players injured, and usually can not be penetrated even whistle was beaten many times by others. Attractions attraction of this body immunity is another variation which is performed whistle. Among other things, belly pierced with sharp objects or spears, slicing the body with a machete until the injured and uninjured, eat fire, insert a long needle into the tongue, skin, cheeks until translucent and not injured. Cutting limbs to wounded and bleeding but can be cured in immediately, flush the body with hard water to clothes that cling dibadan crushed, chewed glass / glass flakes, burn the body. And many more attractions that they do.


In doing this attraction every player has a requirement that heavy conditions, before they perform the ritual ritual performances given by their teachers. Usually done 1-2 weeks before the ritual performed. In addition they are also required to have a strong faith and be confident with the teachings of Islam. Precepts for whistle players are not allowed to drink liquor, gambling, playing a woman, or steal. And the players also have to believe and did not hesitate in carrying out these actions, the offenses committed by a player can be very harmful to the player's soul.


According to some historical sources, Debus has a relationship with a congregation in Islamic teachings. Which in essence is very thick with religious philosophy, they are in very happy because face to face with his god. They slammed their ketubuh sharps, no effort but by God alone. If God does not allow a machete, machetes and bullets injure them. And they will not hurt.



At this time many warriors living dikecamatan Walantaka Debus, keragilan and areas of attack. Which is unfortunate existence of whistle more and more reduced, because the youth prefer to seek another livelihood. And because the attraction is also quite dangerous to do, because it is not uncommon that many whistle players hurt from lack of exercise and there are "ignorant" to show they are doing. So the longer the cultural heritage is increasingly extinct. In the past we can see the attraction of this whistle offerings in many areas, but now there are only whistle attractions at the event - a specific event. So not every day we can see this attraction. Cultural heritage, which is increasingly eroded by the changing times.

Rabu, 02 Maret 2011

Dayak Tribes in Borneo

Dayak or Daya is a collection of various sub-ethnic Austronesian which is considered as indigenous people who inhabited the island of Borneo, more precisely, is a river in the present culture that is after the development of Islam in Borneo, the Dayak Cultural previously was nautical. Almost all names have a meaning as the Dayak as something related to the river, especially on family names and family names. As the name of the language of kinship Dayak Bidayuh, Bidayauh itself is origin of the word "Bi" which means "people" and Dayuh which means "upstream" so Bidayuh means "upstream". Ot Danum designation derived from their own language of origin of the word "Ot" meaning the upstream and Danum which means "water" so Ot Danum means Upstreeam Water (river), that is, people who live in the uplands.



Biaju designation comes from the ancient Biaju itself derived from the word "Bi" which means "People" and the word "Aju / Ngaju" significant upstream so Biaju meaning "upstream people. " In the area of Dayak Sarawak Malaysia clump Apokayan (Kayan, Kenyah and Bahau) is often called "The Ulu" is also a pe-malay-an of the word "Apokayan"itself. Meanwhile, the Dayak people Kendayan after the arrival of Islam by outsiders is also often called the "upstream" and translated into their own with the word "Daya". So it is clear that the term Dayak is a collective term for the Dayak people of diverse cultures and languages, whose life is closely related to the river (River Culture), this is because after the arrival of Islam almost all settlements indigenous people of Borneo, which is still cultured native (Dayak) there is not much on the sea coast again (although in some areas are still there on the coast of the Sea), but in the watershed.



Dayak said, his own apart from the Dayak languages Kendayan, also comes from the Dayak Kenyah, and other Dayak. That is the term the word "Daya" has the meaning of "upstream" and "strength". when there are others who are questioning someone who wanted to upstream areas in the past with the sentence in the language of Dayak Kendayan like this: Ampus Ka mane kau? it will be in charge by the person in questioned as follows: "Aku Ampus ka daya ..." which means "go where you been? I go upstream. " The days before in ancient Javanese texts pulau kalimantan called "Nusa Kencana" which means island of gold, but by the Javanese Most of the more commonly called the "Land Sabrang" the residents are "People Sabrang" Dayaks designation by the Javanese in the past. So it is clear that the term "Dayak" is not derived from the Javanese language as something meaningful ragged, sloppy, and the like. the term "ndayakan" in the Java language itself is still relatively new form the days of Dutch rule.

The term was popularized by soldiers in the Netherlands who came from the Javanese who when they come into the hinterland far kalimantan (Which is very far from the coast), they saw many people dressed in makeshift Dayak made of bark or cloth that has been tattered, shabby and sloppy.



Dayak tribe consists of six Stanmenras or clumps that clumps or stanmenras Klemantan aka Borneo, Stanmenras Iban, Dayak Stanmenras Apokayan the Kayan, Kenyah and Bahau, Stanmenras Murut, Stanmenras Ot Danum Stanmenras-Ngaju and Punan. Madagascar's population are descendants of the sailors Dayak Ma'anyan the days of Islam in the past that is yet to come to Indonesia. they still use Ma'anyan Dayak language (Barito Languange) which is mixed with a bit of Java and the Malay language.

Batak Tribes in Northern Sumatra

Batak is one of the tribes in Indonesia. This name is a collective terms for identifyingsome tribes who live and come from Tapanuli, North Sumatra. Ethnic groups were categorized as Batak Karo, Pakpak, Toba, Simalungun, Mandailing, and Angkola.

Most of the Batak Christian religion and some Muslims. "But others who profess Malim (commonly called the Parmalim followers) and also followers of animist beliefs (called Pelebegu or Parbegu), although now the number of adherents of the two courses has been on the wane.


History
Tapanuli natural topography and lush, has attracted people Old Malay (Malay Proto) to migrate into the region of Lake Toba around 4000-7000 years ago. Language and archaeological evidence suggests that the Austronesian people from Taiwan have moved to Sumatra and the Philippines about 2,500 years ago, and the possibility of Batak people fall into this group.

During the 13th century, the Batak have sex with Pagaruyung in Minangkabau kingdom in which this has inspired the development of Batak script. In the 6th century, Tamil traders from India to establish trade city Barus, on the west coast of North Sumatra. They trade camphor cultivated by farmers in the hinterland Batak . Production of camphor from the Batak land quality good enough, so that camphor become a major agricultural commodity Batak people, as well as incense. In the 10th century, Barus attacked by Srivijaya. This causes the expulsion of Tamil traders from the coast of Sumatra. In subsequent periods, camphor trade many ruled by Minangkabau traders who established a colony in the west and east coast of North Sumatra. Their colonies stretching from Barus, Sorkam, until Natal.




Kinship
Kinship is related to the legal relationships between people in social life. There are two forms of kinship to the Batak tribe, which is based on lineage (genealogy) and based on sosilogis, while there is no territorial kinship.

Forms of kinship based on lineage (genealogy) visible from the start of the King clan genealogy Batak, where all ethnic groups have Batak clan. While kinship based on sociological occur through agreements (inter-clan match only) or by marriage. In Batak traditions, which become Traditional unity is blood ties within clans, and clan. This means for example Harahap, Harahap genealogical unity is customary with other clans. Since that Adat Batak / Traditional Batak dynamic nature that is often adjusted to the time and place affect the tradition of inter-regional differences in style.

The existence of philosophy in the parable of the Toba Batak language, which reads: "Jonok dongan partubu jonokan do dongan parhundul". is a philosophy that we should always maintain good relations with neighbors, because they're the closest friend. But in the implementation of custom, the first look for is the one clan, although basically neighbors should not be forgotten in the implementation of Indigenous Peoples.

Dance Pendet From Bali

Pendet initially a dance of worship which was exhibited at many temples, places of worship of Hindus in Bali, Indonesia. This dance symbolizes the welcoming of the gods fall into the natural world. Gradually, over the development period, the Balinese artists change Pendet to "welcome", but still contain elements of the sacred-religious. 




Pendet is a statement of an offering in the form of ritual dance. Unlike dance performances that require intensive training, can Pendet danced by all people, pemangkus men and women, adults and girls. 



 


This dance is taught simply by following the movement and rarely done in the banjo-banjo. The young girl followed the movement of more senior women who understand their responsibilities in providing a good example. 


This daughter has a dance movement pattern that is more dynamic than Rejang Dance that was delivered in groups or pairs. Usually displayed after page Rejang Dance at temples and generally facing toward the sacred (pelinggih) by wearing a ceremonial dress, and each dancer brings sangku, jugs, bowls, and other offerings equipment. 

Bunaken Island

Bunaken is an area of 8.08 km² island in the Bay of Manado, located in the northern island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. This island is part of the city of Manado, the provincial capital of North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Bunaken Island can be achieved by speed boat (speed boat) or a rented boat with about 30 minutes journey from the port city of Manado. Around the island there Bunaken Bunaken marine park which is part of the Bunaken National Park. This marine park has a marine biodiversity one of the highest in the world. Scuba diving attracts many visitors to the island. Overall Bunaken marine park covers an area of 75,265 hectares with five islands within it, namely the island of Manado Tua, Bunaken Island, Island Siladen, Mantehage Island follows several children his island, and island Naen. Although covering an area of 75,265 hectares, the location of the dive (diving) is limited in each of the five beaches that surround the island. 




Bunaken marine park has a 20 point dive (dive spot) with varying depth of up to 1344 meters. Of the 20 diving points, 12 points among them diving around Bunaken Island. Twelve point dive is the most frequently visited by divers and lovers of the beauty of underwater scenery. 


Most of the 12 point dive in Bunaken Island lined up from the southeast to the northwest of the island. In this region there are underwater great walls, which is also called the hanging walls, or a giant rock walls that stand vertically and curved upward. These rock walls are also a source of food for fish in the waters around Bunaken Island.

Selasa, 01 Maret 2011

Batik Crafts


Batik is a cloth that traditionally uses a manual wax-resist dyeing technique. Javanese traditional batik, especially from Yogyakarta and Surakarta, has notable meanings rooted to the Javanese conceptualization of the universe. Traditional colours include indigo, dark brown, and white, which represent the three major Hindu Gods (Brahmā, Visnu, and Śiva). This is related to the fact that natural dyes are most commonly available in indigo and brown. Certain patterns can only be worn by nobility; traditionally, wider stripes or wavy lines of greater width indicated higher rank. Consequently, during Javanese ceremonies, one could determine the royal lineage of a person by the cloth he or she was wearing.



Other regions of Indonesia have their own unique patterns that normally take themes from everyday lives, incorporating patterns such as flowers, nature, animals, folklore or people. The colours of pesisir batik, from the coastal cities of northern Java, is especially vibrant, and it absorbs influence from the Javanese, Arab, Chinese and Dutch cultures. In the colonial times pesisir batik was a favourite of the derivative Chinese, Dutch and Eurasians.

UNESCO designated Indonesian batik as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity on October 2, 2009. As part of the acknowledgment, UNESCO insisted that Indonesia preserve their heritage. Batik or fabrics with the traditional batik patterns are also found in several countries such as Malaysia, Japan, China, Azerbaijan, India, Sri Lanka, Egypt, Nigeria, Senegal, and Singapore. Malaysian batik often displays plants and flowers to avoid the interpretation of human and animal images as idolatry, in accordance with local Islamic doctrine.

Nias Island

Nias (Nias language Tano Niha) is an island located in the west of the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. The island is inhabited by a majority tribe Nias (Ono Niha), which still has a megalithic culture. This area is important attractions such as surfing (surfing), traditional house, dive, jump rock. The island with an area of 5625 sq km has a population of 700,000. This region is the major religion of Protestant Christians. Nias is now divided into four districts and 1 city, namely Kabupaten Nias, South Nias regency, Nias West, North Nias District, and City Gunung Sitoli. 

Hombo Stone in Bawomataluo


Tsunami & earthquake 2004 and 2005 
On December 26, 2004, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred on the west coast of this island that led to the tsunami as high as 10 meters in area and Mandrehe Sirombu. The death toll from this incident amounted to 122 people and hundreds of families homeless. On March 28, 2005, the island was again rocked by earthquakes, was believed to be an aftershock following the incident in December 2004, but now the incident was the second strongest earthquake in the world since 1965. At least 638 people were reportedly killed, and hundreds of buildings were destroyed. Almost no public housing buildings throughout the island of Nias which suffered no damage from the quake. 


According to the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Agency (RRA) Nias Representative, the disaster has caused 13,000 houses destroyed, 24,000 houses were severely damaged, and about 34,000 houses were slightly damaged. A total of 12 ports and docks were destroyed, 403 damaged bridges and 800 km district roads and 266 km provincial roads were destroyed. A total of 723 schools and 1938 places of worship destroyed.

Beach Lagundri Sorake

Nias Island

Same as other areas in Indonesia, Nias island also has a tour for tourists visiting the area in the country and abroad. Since the tsunami and earthquake in 2004 and 2005, the island of Nias tried to get up to develop the tourism potential that there are back on the island of Nias. among others, nias island tourism potential that could attract tourists. There Gomo places of historic heritage items (megaliths), the Gulf coast in the presence of The Heritage (Howu-Howu Cafe), Beach Lagundri Sorake, Hombo Stone in Bawomataluo, Batu islands, the island of Telo and other mainstay attractions.

Sate Padang of West Sumatra

Satay Padang is the name for the three types of variants in the satay of West Sumatra, the Satay Padang, Satay Padang Panjang and Satay Pariaman.

Satay Padang wearing meat material with thick peanut sauce ingredients (like porridge) plus a lot of chili so spicy taste. Satay Padang Panjang satay sauce is distinguished by its yellow color while Pariaman satay sauce is red. A sense of both types of satay is also different. While satay Padang has a variety of flavor blend the two types of variants sate above.

The process of making
Fresh meat included in the big drum filled with water and boiled two times for software use a different drum and water. Meat sliced and smeared with herbs and spices. While boiling water is used as a soup broth, ingredients to make satay sauce. Then the broth was mixed with 19 kinds of spices which have been smoothed (red onion, garlic, turmeric, ginger, and lemongrass) was mixed with various kinds of chili. All seasoning and then put together and cooked for 15 minutes. Sate yourself burned only when ordered, using charcoal from coconut shell.

Catch Chicken Fried From Aceh

Catch Chicken Fried dish Aceh is litteraly mean catch chickens. Aceh is different from most of the dishes are very spicy and kind of curry, fried chicken recipe is simple but flavourfull crispyness combined with curry leaves. even your own curry leaves make great snacks.


mixture of cut pieces of chicken with garlic shallots finely and pasta. season with salt and pepper as needed. leave chicken marinated in the refrigerator for 1 hour - overnight.


in pieces of chicken fried in vegetable oil.
stems and wash the curry leaves.
thinly sliced red onion.
mix them with salt.
then fried until crispy.
serves as a garnish for chicken.



Senin, 28 Februari 2011

Reog Ponorogo and Warok

Reog ponorogo is an art that comes from ponorogo region, eastern Java. existence only emerged in religious ceremony and a celebration day. ponorogo identical with reog. reog beginnings were historically created by ki ageng kertabumi ticks to satirize the king, the king majapahit. are afraid and are subject to the concubines. There are also connecting origin connected with the story banner, the marriage between the sons of the kingdom and the daughter of kendiri Jenggala. so finally reog become a traditional art that still survive until today in ponorogo. even been extended to foreign countries. 


reog development of this very day have also developed mainly in order to music and dance. kenong first example used only one thing but now wear two kenong. gamelan accompaniment even to survive. and thus named as reog style potrojayan style. 


Warok ponorogo can not escape from reog ponorogo because that makes reog ponorogo former is warok. what you guys know what it warok? warok is someone who has much knowledge of psychotherapy. and reog can not escape from warok. both are closely related to each other. and to become a warok very heavy because the conditions were very heavy. and a warok must be able to give benefits to anyone. 


Reog usual festival is always visited by foreign tourists. and that surprised a lot more to make a record for the recalled memories because it was memorable.  for people may see reog ponorogo usual but when the show actually begins nearly 80% reog ponorogo people streaming into the town square flock to see the annual event.

Tana Toraja (South Sulawesi)

Tana Toraja is one of the Indonesian tourist attraction, inhabited by a tribe who inhabit the mountains of Toraja and maintaining a distinctive lifestyle and still show the original Austronesian lifestyle and culture are similar to Nias. This area is one tourist attraction in South Sulawesi.

Pallawa
Tongkonan Pallawa is one tongkonan or traditional house that very interesting and were among the bamboo trees on the hilltop. Tongkonan is decorated with a number of buffalo horn that is attached at the front of traditional house. Located about 12 km to the north of Rantepao.


Londa
Londa is the steep rocks on the side of a typical tomb Tana Toraja. One was located on high ground from the hill with a cave in which the corpse crates are set according to the family line, the other one left open hillside views overlooking the green expanse. Located about 5 km to the south of Rantepao.

Ke'te Kesu
The object of this charming village of Tongkonan, rice barns and buildings in the surrounding megaliths. About 100 yards behind this village there is a cliff with the grave cemetery site dependent and tau-tau in a given building stone fence. Tau-tau shows the daily appearance of the owner. This village is also known as carving skills possessed by its inhabitants as well as a great place to shop for souvenirs. Located about 4 km from southeast Rantepao.


Stone Tumonga
In this area you can find about 56 stone menhirs in a loop with 4 trees in the middle. Most stone menhir has a height of about 2-3 meters. From here you can see the beauty of Rantepao and surrounding valleys. Located in the area Sesean with altitude 1300 meters above sea level.


Lemo
This place is often referred to as the home of the spirits. At the funeral Lemo yanng we can see the corpses stored in the open air, amid the steep rocks. This cemetery is the combination of death, art and ritual. At certain times clothing from the bodies will be replaced with a ceremony Ma 'Nene.


Samosir Island and Lake Toba

From Medan to Lake Toba access can be done through Tebing Tinggi continue to Siantar and crossing in Parapat (Ajibata).  While other alternative is through the path ;Brastagi, Kabanjahe, Tongging, Sidikalang, then through the Tele, Pangururan crossing to Samosir Island. Its natural beauty is the main attraction of Lake Toba. As far as the eye could see the calm expanse of water surrounded by mountains andhills, sometimes punctuated by clouds and fog that hung, giving a sense of coolnessand peace of mind.


Lake Toba, 
on the way to Harianboho and Tele, after Pangururan.

Entering the island of Samosir, cultural nuances of the thick ready to welcome our arrival, with cultural heritage and dynamic variety.


Batak Toba house on Samosir Island

Complementing its potential as an RTD (Regional Tourist Destination), dozens oflodgings are ready to accommodate tourists, both in the area Parapat and SamosirIsland.As a destination photography, this area meets the requirements to record the beauty of nature, human activities and cultural heritage of the nation hundreds of years old. With all that the Lake Toba and Samosir Island, not surprisingly, when its position in the Tourism Map of Indonesia, is in great position 5 along with the island of Bali,Mount Bromo, Tana Toraja and the island of Lombok.



Wooden dolls to show Sigale-Gale, 
near the tomb of King Sidabutar - Tomok

Hopefully in the coming years the Government more look alive again to fix theinfra-structure in the Area Toba Samosir, so that its appeal was not hurt by the difficultroads and bridges impassable.

The Legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu

In the days of yore, in Tatar Parahyangan, established an empire that Masyur. there was a king who likes to sport hunting of animals, which always accompanied by a faithful dog, named "Tumang". 


Tangkubanparahu Mountain

At one point the King hunting deer, but had a day the results are less encouraging.Animals hunted in the forests disappeared as if swallowed by the earth. Amid the disappointment did not get a prey animal, the King startled to turn a dog loyal "Tumang" who finds a baby girl lying among the grass hedge. What a joy the King, when the discovery of a baby girl who was flawless in image, considering that the King has long craved a daughter, but has not been blessed with children. The baby girl was named Princess Dayangsumbi.


Once daughter Dayngsumbi pretty handsome as an adult spoken for a man, who later endowed a boy named Sangkuriang which also will have a penchant for hunting as well as the King. But unfortunately my husband did not live long Dayangsumbi.


One time, a very young Sangkuriang young, entered the hunt accompanied the King's pet dog who is also his mother's favorite, namely Tumang. But the day is not good cause does not obtain the results of the hunting game. Because Sangkuriang has promised to dedicate deer liver to his mother, while deer hunting does not gotten, then kill the Tumang Sangkuriang risked his mother's favorite dog and also the King to take his heart, which was dedicated to his mother.



Mount Hill Tunggul

When Dayangsumbi eventually learned that reindeer liver presented no other is his son's heart "the Tumang" her beloved dog, then became angry Dayangsumbi.Encouraged by anger, accidentally, he beat his son's head with a scoop of rice that is being held, to cause wounds that scar. Sangkuriang effort to encouraging mothers feel in vain, and felt his actions were innocent. He thought no deer liver, dog liver also be, by not thinking about the loyalty Tumang who has devoted his life to serve the employer. Sangkuriang had run away leaving the kingdom, then disappeared without a word. 

Mount Burangrang



After the incident Dayangsumbi feel very sorry, every day he always prayed and pleaded with Hyang Tunggal, so he can be reunited with his son. Later this petition Fulfilled, and the generosity of the Hyang Tunggal step that the Dayangsumbi gifted youth. Syahdan Sangkuriang that continues to wander, he grew into a burly young man, very powerful especially after he had conquered the demon that magic again, that Guriang Seven. 


In a time travels, Sangkuriang without realizing he returned to the kingdom where it originated. And he brings alive the story line with a daughter who was flawless in a charming beautiful nan, who is the daughter Dayangsumbi no other. Sangkuriang fell in love with the daughter, so too will be fascinated Dayangsumbi Sangkuriang gallantry and good looks, then both are intertwined relationship. Sangkuriang or Dayangsumbi time did not know that in fact both the mother and child. Sangkuriang Dayangsumbi eventually apply to become his wife spoken. 
Yet again the story line alive again opened the curtain closed, Dayangsumbi know that it is Sangkuriang young son, when he saw the scar Sangkuriang pat on the head, when he corrected her future husband's headband. 


After feeling confident Sangkuriang bring his son, Dayangsumbi trying to thwart the marriage with his son. To marry her, Dayangsumbi proposed two conditions to be met by the deadline Sangkuriang before dawn. The first condition, Sangkuriang should be able to make a big boat. The second condition, Sangkuriang should be able to create a lake to be used sailing boat. 
Sangkuriang undertakes these requirements, he worked overtime assisted by stealth wadiabalad Guriang Seven leaders to realize the request. Large wooden timber for boat and stem the Citarum river, he got from the forest on a mountain which, according to legend later given the name Mount Hill Tunggul. The twigs and leaves from trees that used the wood, he collected on a hill called Mount Burangrang. 


Citarum River

Meanwhile Dayangsumbi-Hyang Tunggal was begging her to help him, frustrate the purpose Sangkuriang to marry him. Sang Hyang Tunggal Dayangsumbi granted the request, before the job is complete Sangkuriang, ayamp crowing and dawn ... ....Sangkuriang anger, knowing he failed to qualify, he kicked the boat that is being made. The boat eventually fell facedown, and according to legend will be Tangkuban Mt, while the flow of Citarum River is dammed to form lakes gradually Bandung.

Bandung Lake

Leuser Mountain National Park

Leuser Mountain National Park is a representative type of coastal forest ecosystems, and lowland tropical rain forests to mountains. 

Orang Utan

Almost the entire area is covered by dipterocarp forest thick with several rivers and waterfalls. There are rare plants and typical of a giant umbrella leaf (Johannesteijsmannia altifrons), Raflesia flower (Rafflesia atjehensis and R. micropylora) and Rhizanthes zippelnii which is the largest flower with a diameter of 1.5 meters. In addition, there is a unique plant or plant strangler fig. 

Rare and endangered species contained in the national parks, among others, introspective/ orangutan (Pongo abelii), gibbon (Hylobates syndactylus syndactylus), Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus), Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), forest goat (Capricornis sumatraensis), hornbills (Buceros bicornis), sambar deer (Cervus unicolor), and jungle cat (Prionailurus bengalensis sumatrana). 

Gunung Leuser National Park is one defined by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve. Based on the cooperation between Indonesia and Malaysia, also designated as a "Sister Park" with Taman Negara National Park in Malaysia. 

Leuser Mountain National Park

Some locations / attractions to be visited: 

Gurah. View and enjoy the natural scenery, canyons, hot springs, lakes, waterfalls, observation of wild animals and plants such as flowers Raflesia, orangutans, birds, snakes and butterflies. 
Bohorok. Place the rehabilitation of orangutans and natural attractions form a panorama of the river, camping grounds and bird watching. 
Kluet. Boating on rivers and lakes, trekking tours in the coastal forest and caves. This area is the habitat of Sumatran tigers. 
Sekundur. Camping, cave tours and wildlife observation. 
Ketambe and Suak Carambola. Research primates and other wildlife researcher who comes home and library. 
Gunung Leuser (3404 m asl) and Mt. Pecan (3314 m asl). Climbing and mountain climbing. 
River rafting in Alas. Activity rafting from Gurah-Muara Situlen-wave for three days. 

Cultural attractions outside the Park is Lake Toba Festival in June on Lake Toba and Malay Culture Festival in July in Medan. 

The best visiting season: June to October each year. 

How to reach the location: Medan-Kutacane is ± 240 km or 8 hours by car, Kutacane-Gurah/Ketambe is ± 35 km or 30 minutes by car, Medan-Bohorok/Bukit Lawang is ± 60 km or 1 hour by car, Medan- Sei Betung / Sekundur is ± 150 km or 2 hours by car, Medan-Tapaktuan is ± 260 km or 10 hours by car.

Leuser Mountain National Park

Komodo National Park

Komodo National Park is located in the center of the Indonesian archipelago, between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores. Established in 1980, initially the main purpose of the Park was to conserve the unique Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) and its habitat. However, over the years, the goals for the Park have expanded to protecting its entire biodiversity, both terrestrial and marine. In 1986, the Park was declared a World Heritage Site and a Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, both indications of the Park's biological importance.

Komodo Island

Komodo National Park includes three major islands: Komodo, Rinca and Padar, as well as numerous smaller islands creating a total surface area (marine and land) of 1817km (proposed extensions would bring the total surface area up to 2,321km2). As well as being home to the Komodo dragon, the Park provides refuge for many other  notable terrestrial species such as the orange-footed scrub fowl, an endemic rat, and the Timor deer. Moreover, the Park includes one of the richest marine environments including coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, seamounts, and semi-enclosed bays. These habitats harbor more than 1,000 species of fish, some 260 species of reef-building coral, and 70 species of sponges. Dugong, sharks, manta rays, at least 14 species of whales, dolphins, and sea turtles also make Komodo National Park their home.

Komodo national park beach

Threats to terrestrial biodiversity include the increasing pressure on forest cover and water resources as the local human population has increased 800% over the past 60 years. In addition, the Timor deer population, the preferred prey source for the endangered Komodo dragon, is still being poached. Destructive fishing practices such as dynamite-, cyanide, and compressor fishing severely threaten the Park's marine resources by destroying both the habitat (coral reefs) and the resource itself (fish and invertebrate stocks). The present situation in the Park is characterized by reduced but continuing destructive fishing practices primarily by immigrant fishers, and high pressure on demersal stocks like lobsters, shellfish, groupers and napoleon wrasse. Pollution inputs, ranging from raw sewage to chemicals, are increasing and may pose a major threat in the future.

Komodo

Today, the Komodo National Park and Putri Naga Komodo, PT are working together to protect the Park's vast resources. Our goals are to protect the Park's biodiversity (both marine and terrestrial) and the breeding stocks of commercial fishes for replenishment of surrounding fishing grounds. The main challenge is to reduce both threats to the resources and conflicts between incompatible activities. Both parties have a long term commitment to protecting the marine biodiversity of Komodo National Park. 

Brastagi Highlands in North Sumatra


Jakarta has a peak tourism as well as with Lembang Bandung, Medan has also the peak tourist attractions are no less interesting and beautiful. Namely Brastagi area, a trip from Medan to Berastagi take 1.5 to 2 hours using a private vehicle travel.With public transport can be taken within 3 hours, because the distance the city of Medan to Berastagi travel approximately 50km away. along the way we can enjoy beautiful views to the left and right beside the road we could see the scenery of tea plantation and tobacco, and daily activities of society northern Sumatra. 


Brastagi View


Before entering the Brastagi we will pass Kaban ginger, here a lot of tea plantations and tobacco plantations, many traditional markets around Kaban this ginger.Activities of traders and buyers in the market eligible to be photographed, and the people were very friendly with the arrival of tourists and tourists who see. After that we went on a trip to Berastagi, here the air was getting cool and cold. He wanted to stop by dikedai coffee to enjoy coffee and the view around the mountains. 



Berastagi is a very beautiful area, the area which is located in North Sumatra that have a height of 1400 meters above sea level. The air here is very clean and cool, this because it is surrounded by mountains and forests - forests that are very beautiful.Does not feel the trip as long as 1.5 hours a lot of fun. From the hills we can enjoy views of the green and could see the volcano and Sibayak Sinabung. Sibayak volcano is still active today and has a height of 2000 meters, the location of this Sibayak mountain not far from Berastagi. 

Sibayak Mountain



Not only that, Brastagi very famous for vegetables and fruit - fruit, fruit that is very famous here is passion fruit. Passionfruit Brastagi very popular until the whole of Indonesia, and many made quintessence syrup. Indeed dibrastagi if we do not enjoy the fruits Brastagi did not complete it's like, let alone cold weather and cool very supportive of us to eat more food. 

Fruit Market in Brastagi


After that we continued to Tongging attractions, there are a large waterfall that is Sipiso Piso waterfall. Piso name means knife, this waterfall is sharp and in surrounded by a deep ravine in the northern Sumatran tana, the distance to the location of this waterfall that is 24 km from Kabanjahe. and is located around the edge 


Northern part of Lake Toba. Disekiling has views of waterfalls and gorges are very beautiful, high-piso waterfall Sipiso approximately 130 meters. I am very interested to get to this waterfall, as the distance from the top down this waterfall is pretty much when on foot. Finally I decided to walk down a path toward Sipiso piso Waterfall, to walk a steep curve and this should be very cautious. Many paths that have been damaged and not infrequently we have to crawl and clinging to the side of the road, it is advisable to use shoes and drinking water to taste. Fortunately in every way a lot of residential houses are made for the rest of the walkers feet, so if you are not strong or sudden rain during the trip we can get enough rest. 


Sipiso - Piso Waterfall


Arriving based Sipiso Piso Waterfall, lost our sense of fatigue because of the river and waterfall scenery seen directly is very beautiful. Eve is radiated very cool because debris from the ears of water waterfall wet our face that makes us linger longer live under, after taking some photos we finally continued our journey upward. At the time of behind the new road was tired, because it does not feel way to the waterfall is down. And now we have to climb up and over. 

Toba Lake View


Once above the struggle, we are in the Tour Tongging, tongging situated on the edge of Lake Toba in the north near Sipiso piso waterfall. It was from here is very beautiful view of Lake Toba, toba lake flanked by two mountains of rock along the bottom. We unwind here, after struggling to climb out from under Sipiso piso waterfall. Like tiredness disappeared instantly when we enjoy the beauty of Lake Toba

Tongging